David () however explained that there is the need to improve the productivity of the sector for it to have higher impacts on aggregate economic indicators and ultimately reduce poverty.
Failure to develop the agricultural sector in the region could be associated with the low performance of labor.
In manufacturing, the positive impact of technology is picked up by the schooling variable.
The degree of openness to trade has a positive effect on agricultural productivity and a negative effect on manufacturing.
Agriculture in Nigeria is labor intensive as the sector employs more than half of the labor force in the country.
However, despite the high level of human resource, the contribution of the sector to the economic growth has continued to reduce over the years (Manyong et al. The low productivity has been associated with the fact that the sector is mostly made up of small scale farmers who still use rudimentary production techniques which makes them highly dependent on manual labor (Oluyole et al. Family labor is an important source of manpower in agriculture.Mc Cullough () revealed that despite the fact that countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have the highest level of value added through the agricultural sector, the region has the lowest labor productivity.In addition to land and capital, labor is identified as one of the most important and effective factors of agricultural production (Biniaz ), the availability of labor determines the quantity and quality of output as it influences planting precision, weed control, timely harvest and crop processing.Structural transformation is achieved through the reallocation of factors of production, which occurs in response to changing factor prices. Using the results from the estimations of the production functions, I estimate the shadow rents and shadow wages as the marginal value products.The shadow rate of return on fixed capital is quite high, consistent with the high growth rate of this input.Countries that are more productive use techniques that are more capital-intensive, and over time, investment in capital permits the adoption of more productive techniques.The pace at which new technologies are adopted is determined by the economic environment, as shown by the state variables.Women’s work in agriculture has become more visible as their involvement in agricultural production has deepened in response to the economic opportunities in commercial agriculture and the rising need for them to provide for the household (Lastarria-corhiel ).However, despite their increased involvement in agriculture, significant differences have been identified in the level of productivity of men and women.Women are an important source of labor; however, they face great setbacks in terms of access to inputs.The influence of input utilization on labor productivity differentials among male- and female-managed plots was assessed using the 2013 General Household Survey (GHS) data for Nigeria.