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In part, this belief was fueled by the Parmenidean-inspired conviction that X cannot possibly come from not X.This principle, commonly referred to as the "like-like" principle, is in part what led Empedocles to his theory of the four elements, but it is put to even better use by Anaxagoras.
This volume presents all of the surviving fragments of Anaxagoras' writings, both the Greek texts and original facing-page English translations for each.
Generously supplemented, it includes detailed annotations, as well as five essays that consider the philosophical and interpretive questions raised by Anaxagoras.
Where, Anaxagoras asks, do these qualities come from?
In place of the four elements, he posits an infinite number of Parmenidean Reals, or basic substances of existence, out of which everything else arises.
In a human body, the part is different from the whole.
When it comes to bone, flesh, and marrow, on the other hand, whole and part are the same.Anaxagoras follows this model, but with some modifications.In order to better account for the full diversity of objects that populate our world, he posits an infinite number of Parmenidean Reals, called the homeomeric substances.Also included are new translations of the ancient testimonia concerning Anaxagoras' life and work, showing the importance of the philosopher and his ideas for his contemporaries and successors.This is a much-needed and highly anticipated examination of Anaxagoras of Clazomenae, one of the forerunners of Greek philosophical and scientific thought.Any substance without differentiated parts, on this view, such as flesh, blood, earth, or fire, counts as a Parmenidean Real.Anaxagoras was born in Clazomenae in Ionia (the land of the Milesians) around 500 B. Like his Milesian predecessors, he was a busy public figure.His association with Pericles ended up getting him in trouble; In 450 B. Unfortunately, popular outcry against Anaxagoras was heated, fueled in large part by his declaration that the sun was not a god but a hot mass of molten rock, larger than the Peloponese. A common belief among ancient Greeks was the idea that like generates like.He was convicted of atheism and exiled to the northern Ionian city of Lampascus, near Troy. In other words, ancient Greeks believed that X comes from X.Empedocles tried to meet the Eleatic challenge by positing four elements that were themselves Parmenidean Reals, out of which the rest of the world arose.In this way he meant to account for apparent generation, destruction, and change by arguing that these phenomena are, in fact, just the mixing and separating out of the eternal, unchanging elements.