Ancient Rome Essay

Ancient Rome Essay-49
Greek art is divided into the Mycenaean, geometric, archaic, and Hellenistic periods, in addition to its acme in the Classical period.During the Hellenistic period, there was demand for copies of earlier art, and so it too can be described as imitative.

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It is often pointed out that the goal of the classical Greek sculptors was to produce an ideal art form, whereas the goal of Roman artists was to produce realistic portraits, often for decoration. Not all Roman art imitated the Greek forms and not all Greek art looks terribly realistic or impractical.

Much Greek art adorned utilitarian objects, just as Roman art adorned the living spaces.

There were also two nearby mountain ranges to the north (Alps) and east (Apennine).

Greek art is considered superior to the "merely" imitative or decorative Roman art; indeed much art we think of as Greek is actually a Roman copy of a Greek original.

The aristocratic woman was secluded in the women's quarter and had to be accompanied in public places. The Athenian woman was subject to her father, and even after marriage, he could ask for her return.

, whether the dominant male in her household of birth or the household of her husband.Han emperors made Confucianism the official belief system of the state.The bureaucracy was well organized based upon Confucian ideas and education.Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys.Italy has fertile plains in the West and North that supported the growing population. The Tiber River aided the Romans in trade and provided protection at the same time.The Romans, who imported their wheat and annexed provinces that could provide them with this all-important staple, also farmed, but they also engaged in trade. While Greece also had slaves, the economy of Rome was dependent on slave labor from the expansion until the late Empire. Only some of these groups were counted as citizens.(It is thought that the Greeks considered trade degrading.) As Rome developed into an urban center, writers compared the simplicity/boorishness/moral high ground of the country's pastoral/farming life, with the politically charged, trade-based life of a city-center dweller. In Athens, according to the literature of stereotypes, women were valued for abstaining from gossip, for managing the household, and, most of all, for producing legitimate children.However, Chinese civilization developed very distinctly due to its geography.For Rome, the Italian peninsula is centrally located in the Mediterranean Sea, and the city of Rome sits toward the center of Italy.Both Greece and Rome are Mediterranean countries, similar enough latitudinally for both to grow wine and olives. The ancient Greek city-states were separated from each other by hilly countryside and all were near the water.Rome was inland, on one side of the Tiber River, but the Italic tribes (in the boot-shaped peninsula that is now Italy) did not have the natural hilly borders to keep them out of Rome. Vesuvius produced fertile land by blanketing the soil with tephra which aged into rich soil.


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