Basic Features Of Phil. Essay

There is a tradition called speculative grammar which existed from the 11th to the 13th century.Leading scholars included, among others, Martin of Dace and Thomas of Erfurth.

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The phenomena of vagueness and ambiguity were analyzed intensely, and this led to an increasing interest in problems related to the use of syncategorematic words such as and, or, not, if, and every.

The study of categorematic words (or terms) and their properties was also developed greatly.

Both in India and in Greece, linguistic speculation predates the emergence of grammatical traditions of systematic description of language, which emerged around the 5th century BC in India (see Yāska), and around the 3rd century BC in Greece (see Rhianus).

In the dialogue Cratylus, Plato considered the question of whether the names of things were determined by convention or by nature.

A proper suppositio, in turn, can be either formal or material accordingly when it refers to its usual non-linguistic referent (as in "Charles is a man"), or to itself as a linguistic entity (as in "Charles has seven letters").

Such a classification scheme is the precursor of modern distinctions between use and mention, and between language and metalanguage.

He separated all things into categories of species and genus.

He thought that the meaning of a predicate was established through an abstraction of the similarities between various individual things. However, since Aristotle took these similarities to be constituted by a real commonality of form, he is more often considered a proponent of "moderate realism".

Gottlob Frege and Bertrand Russell were pivotal figures.

These writers were followed by Wittgenstein (Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus), the Vienna Circle as well as the logical positivists, and Quine.


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