True, individual freedom is reduced in such a situation, but this is seen as a good thing for society in general, and also for the individual.
There are several different theories within Consensus Theory you need to know about, but the main ones are Functionalism, Bonds of Attachment/ Social Control Theory, Strain Theory, Subcultural Theory, and Underclass Theory.
In clinical analysis, these analytical categories should be distinguished from psychosis, which is a condition involving a debilitating break with reality.
Psychopaths and sociopaths are often able to manage their condition and pass as “normal” citizens, although their capacity for manipulation and cruelty can have devastating consequences for people around them.
Contemporary approaches to psychopathy and sociopathy have focused on biological and genetic causes.
This is a tradition that goes back to 19th century positivist approaches to deviance, which attempted to find a biological cause for criminality and other types of deviant behaviour.
According to consensus theorists this process starts from a young age in the family and education.
These institutions enforce what are known as positive and negative sanctions, or rewarding good behaviour and punishing bad behaviour.
, the figure of the dangerous individual who lives among us provides a fascinating fictional figure.
Psychopathy and sociopathy both refer to personality disorders that involve anti-social behaviour, diminished empathy, and lack of inhibitions.