The Ghibellines were mostly supporters of the German emperor and at the time Dante was born, were relieved of their power.
At the turn of the century, Dante rose from city councilman to ambassador of Florence.
His career ended in 1301 when the Black Guelph and their French allies seized control of the city.
He saw her only twice but she provided much inspiration for his literary masterpieces. His first book, La Vita Nuova, was written about her. He entered the army as a youth and held several important positions in the Florence government during the 1290’s.
During his life, Florence was divided politically between Guelphs and Ghibellines.