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Depending on the jurisdiction, the juvenile justice system has devised formal labels for adolescents that are in need.These include CHINS (child in need of supervision), PINS (person in need of supervision), MINS (minor in need of supervision), FINS (family in need of supervision), and YINS (youth in need of supervision).
Delinquent offenses are violations of legal statutes that also apply to adults in the criminal justice system.
Delinquent offenses include acts of violence against persons, such as murder, rape, armed robbery, aggravated and simple assault, harassment, stalking, menacing, child abuse, and similar offenses.
Delinquent offenses also include acts that are considered property crimes, such as burglary, theft or larceny, motor vehicle theft, arson, damage to property, criminal mischief, vandalism, and others.
A variety of miscellaneous crimes sometimes known as public order offenses are also delinquent offenses.
Delinquent acts were viewed as affronts to God and God’s law, and as such, wrongdoers were treated in very punitive and vengeful ways.
American colonial society was similarly harsh toward children and the control of children’s behavior.In this sense, juvenile delinquency is troubling because of the victimizations that are inflicted and the perceptual image of society as unable to adequately control and supervise young people.Third, as this research paper will explore, juvenile delinquency has different meanings depending on its severity and other factors.First, children and adolescents commit a significant amount of delinquent offenses that result in violent, property, or other forms of victimization.Each year, more than one million children and adolescents are arrested by police for their delinquent acts.Throughout society, there was a general notion that children were particularly susceptible to vice and moral violations.For instance, in 1641, the General Court of Massachusetts Bay Colony passed the Stubborn Child Law, which stated that children who disobeyed their parents would be put to death.Juvenile delinquency encompasses two general types of behaviors, status and delinquent offenses.Status offenses are behaviors that are considered inappropriate or unhealthy for children and adolescents, and the behaviors are proscribed because of the age of the offender.During the colonial era of the United States, for example, the conceptualization of juvenile delinquency was heavily influenced by religion.At this time, juvenile delinquency was viewed as not only a legal violation, but also a moral violation.