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And also, much of eighteenth-century literature is epigrammatic (something short), and Poe believed that the epigrammatic approach to art could not create a lasting emotional impression within the reader. in the construction of the effect" ("Philosophy of Composition"). Melancholy is thus the most legitimate of all the poetical tones." As a result of these views, Poe felt that the most effective subject for a work of art was the death of a beautiful young lady; this is perhaps Poe's most famous and most often repeated dictum, and, furthermore, to achieve the greatest amount of emotional melancholy, the death of the beautiful young lady should be expressed by the lips of the bereaved lover.Writings that were moralistic or allegorical were likewise unacceptable to Poe because they failed to appeal to one's sense of beauty. for such combinations of event, or tone, as shall best aid . In much of his poetry, the effect he most aimed for was one of beauty and melancholy. As examples, we have "Annabel Lee," "Lenore," "Ligeia," "To Helen" and numerous other works on this subject.
Consequently, Poe, as a Romantic writer, dismissed most of the literary works of the eighteenth century, a period which concerned itself mainly with satire.
For Poe, satire could create no sense of the beautiful within the reader.
in its supreme development, invariably excites the sensitive soul to tears.
Melancholy is thus the most legitimate of all poetical tones”; “The death of a beautiful woman is, unquestionably, the most poetical topic in the world.” Poe further discussess his principles of versification, use of a refrain, diction, and imagery, and the primary importance of the climax (“The Raven,” stanza 16), which was written first so that every effect in the poem should lead in its direction.
More reviews of Poe related work are indexed on the Poe page.
Edgar Allan Poe is considered to be America's first significant literary critic or, at least, the first major writer in America to write seriously about criticism, about the theory of composition, and about the principles of creative art.Likewise, he believed that didactic writing was for the pulpit and had no place in the realm of artistic creation.Anything that appealed solely to the intellect could not be considered art because art existed in the world of the beautiful, the refined, and the aesthetic.At the end of the essay, Poe warns against an “ of the suggested meaning” when developing a theme.That turns poetry into prose or “the so called poetry of the so called transcendentalists”. Critical opinions vary from seeing this whole essay as another of Poe’s hoaxes to seeing it as elucidating Poe’s method for creating some of his works, particularly his fiction, to it being close to representing how this poem came about. The “night tempestuous” is contrasted with the serenity of the chamber. Poe wanted something “.” Poe then, through “ordinary induction”, wanted some “pivot upon which the whole structure might turn”: a refrain. Furthermore, the refrain should be brief so it could be worked into sentences of various length. We then get a discussion of why the Raven acts as he does – his “tapping” at the door of his wings brings the lover’s curiosity to the fore and intimates a spirit knocking at the door.Among Poe's greatnesses was his ability as an editor to recognize great literature and to dismiss insignificant works. In Poe's review of Twice-Told Tales and in his two main essays on criticism, "The Poetic Principle" and "The Philosophy of Composition," we have access to Poe's critical statements — stated, restated, emphasized, and applied to his own works ("The Philosophy of Composition," for example, deals in detail with his methodology of composing his most famous poem, "The Raven"), and not only does he apply his own principles to his own works but he applies them to the works of other writers for critical evaluations.For example, Poe was the first major, or influential, writer to recognize the genius of Nathaniel Hawthorne. From these cited works, we can easily compile certain key principles that Poe consistently believed in and used.He invented the detective story which relies on these processes.(I’m assuming deductive logic in that creating their plots.) He famously predicted, through such methods, the conclusion of Charles Dickens’ serialized (which he mentions at the beginning of this essay).