Irrespective of the type of a donor for the body part, the donor should have a blood group suited for the patient.
He or she should be of the same blood group as the patient or a universal donor.
The person who donates his body part could be related or unrelated to the patient.
A related person could be a child, a sibling or a parent.
In addition to blood group consideration, the donor or the donor’s next of kin has to give consent for the transplant of his body part.
Once consent is given, an organ is removed and transplanted into the patient with a few hours. Living donors can donate parts such as one of their kidneys or parts of a liver, a pancreas or intestines.
Some of the organs that assist in saving lives are the heart and the liver.
Another benefit with organ donation is in relation to the furthering of medicine through research.
It is important to explore the negative effects of the shortage of organs, and how people can be persuaded to donate their organs after death.
There have been numerous gains made in organ transport technology in recent years, which have increased the number of eligible patients waiting for organs.