Tags: The Process Of Writing A Research Essay Consists Of Two Main PhasesHow To Develop A Thesis Statement For A Research PaperEssay Morning Walk Class 4Story Girl By Jamaica Kincaid EssayDissertation Topics In Strategic ManagementEnding Essay With A QuoteMath Problem Solving For Grade 3Trademark Assignment Search
They also catalyzed Japanese women’s groups and political parties, many of which began to call for a governmental inquiry into the issue as a war atrocity.In a Diet session in June 1991, the Japanese government denied the involvement of the wartime state and its military in the matter--further enraging South Koreans.
Yun Chung-ok, a professor at Korea's Ewha Womans University, was an important catalyst in this development.
In the late 1980's she met with Matsui to exchange information about the comfort women, and in 1990 she wrote a series of reports on the issue for a Korean newspaper. Yun’s reports ignited and enraged the South Korean public, prompting calls for redress from the Japanese government.
By examining the process, through which the challenges to the normative interpretation were posed and the ways they were countered, this article provides a comparative perspective for understanding contemporary controversies over women’s voices, testimony, and history generally. Challenges to the Meaning of Comfort Women in Postwar Japan A number of reports, diaries, and memoirs published in Japan during and after World War II mentioned military comfort facilities on various war fronts and throughout territories occupied by Japanese imperial forces. In these writings, the term ianfu (comfort women) was a euphemism for prostitutes who provided sex to men in service.
Although the story had no place in Japan’s official war history, it was told and retold privately as a nostalgic (and sometimes romantic) episode in men’s memoirs and novels.
In 1992, he published his findings in major Japanese newspapers.
Aa Seat Assignment - Essay On Comfort Women
Faced with documentary evidence from its own archives, the Japanese government had no choice but to acknowledge military involvement, and Prime Minister Miyazawa Kiichi officially apologized to South Korea.There were days when I was made to serve scores of men beginning in the morning.When I resisted--even just a little--I was beaten by the supervisor, pulled by my hair, and dragged around half-naked.Matsui’s interviewee, a former comfort woman whose name was not disclosed, was a Korean living in Thailand.She spoke of her experience this way: The life of comfort women was this--during the day doing laundry of soldiers’ clothes, cleaning the barracks, and some heavy labor such as carrying ammunition, and at night being the plaything for the soldiers.In particular, neonationalists objected strongly to both the government’s admission of state involvement in the matter and to the inclusion of the issue in school textbooks.They have attacked politicians who support the government’s apologies as well as historians' findings about comfort women.They have also targeted contradictions in the testimonies of comfort women in an effort to discredit their accounts. Progressive and Feminist Historians Making and keeping the issue of comfort women controversial has been one of the most effective strategies pursued by neonationalists.In particular, they have focused on minor or technical details of the facts presented by women’s testimonies and historical research, pointing out errors and the impossibility of verification. For example, in the early 1990s, some school textbooks referred to the women in question as jugun-ianfu (comfort women serving in the war).Many non-Japanese women were minors, rounded up by deception or under conditions of debt slavery, and some were violently abducted. Prostitution for military personnel in war zones and occupied territories was widely practiced during and prior to World War II, but Japan’s comfort women system was unusual in the extreme forms of coercion and oppression imposed on women, including teenage girls brought from Korea and Taiwan.The evidence reveals that state and military authorities at the highest levels were extensively involved in the policymaking, establishment, and maintenance of the system, and in recruiting and transporting women across international borders. One result of both the Japanese government's apologies and of recent scholarship on comfort women was backlash from neonationalist groups.