Essay On Commercial Software

Essay On Commercial Software-60
Netscape's act prompted Raymond and others to look into how to bring the Free Software Foundation's free software ideas and perceived benefits to the commercial software industry.

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Several open-source software licenses have qualified within the boundaries of the Open Source Definition.

The most prominent and popular example is the GNU General Public License (GPL), which "allows free distribution under the condition that further developments and applications are put under the same licence", thus also free.

With at least 20 years of evidence from case histories of closed software development versus open development already provided by the Internet developer community, the OSI presented the "open source" case to commercial businesses, like Netscape.

The OSI hoped that the use of the label "open source", a term suggested by Christine Peterson of the Foresight Institute at the strategy session, would eliminate ambiguity, particularly for individuals who perceive "free software" as anti-commercial.

I can't imagine something that could be worse than this for the software business and the intellectual-property business." However, while Free and open-source software has historically played a role outside of the mainstream of private software development, companies as large as Microsoft have begun to develop official open-source presences on the Internet.

IBM, Oracle, Google and State Farm are just a few of the companies with a serious public stake in today's competitive open-source market.Scholars Casson and Ryan have pointed out several policy-based reasons for adoption of open source – in particular, the heightened value proposition from open source (when compared to most proprietary formats) in the following categories: The Open Source Definition presents an open-source philosophy and further defines the terms of use, modification and redistribution of open-source software.Software licenses grant rights to users which would otherwise be reserved by copyright law to the copyright holder.A screenshot of Linux Mint running the Xfce desktop environment, Mozilla Firefox browsing Wikipedia powered by Media Wiki, a calculator program, the built in calendar, Vim, GIMP, and the VLC media player, all of which are open-source software.Open-source software (OSS) is a type of computer software in which source code is released under a license in which the copyright holder grants users the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.They sought to bring a higher profile to the practical benefits of freely available source code, and they wanted to bring major software businesses and other high-tech industries into open source.Perens attempted to register "open source" as a service mark for the OSI, but that attempt was impractical by trademark standards.Many people claimed that the birth of the Internet, since 1969, started the open-source movement, while others do not distinguish between open-source and free software movements.The Free Software Foundation (FSF), started in 1985, intended the word "free" to mean freedom to distribute (or "free as in free speech") and not freedom from cost (or "free as in free beer").The new term they chose was "open source", which was soon adopted by Bruce Perens, publisher Tim O'Reilly, Linus Torvalds, and others.The Open Source Initiative was founded in February 1998 to encourage use of the new term and evangelize open-source principles.

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