Much of the focus has been on their respective views in metaphysics and epistemology.
Yet, as Thomas Nagel remarks, contemporary moral philosophy also “continues to be dominated by the disagreement between these two giants” (Nagel 2012).
Although there are many points at which Kant’s and Hume’s ethics stand in opposition to each other, there are also important connections between the two.
Kant shared with Hume some important assumptions about morality, virtue, and motivation.
In the book, The Road, the story tells the tale of a boy and his father, traveling south to escape the hard winter that is falling in a world devastated by an unnamed apocalyptic event, most likely a nuclear war.
Along their harsh and dangerous journey, they encounter other survivors, most are of the unsavory variety, be it cannibals, thieves or rapists.If you look up compassion in the dictionary, you will see the following definition: A deep awareness of the suffering of another, coupled with the wish to relieve it.The construct of compassion is not clearly defined in psychological literature.Mc Carthy uses his book to examine why it is that some humans continue to hold onto hope in the face of such overwhelming odds, and why it is that others give up when faced with the same situations.The father, who, like his son, remains unnamed throughout the entire story, feels obligated to keep on living in order to protect his remaining flesh and blood; his only child.The experiences that Jesus had with confronting and ultimately resisting earthly temptations, and His final martyr-like suffering, put Him in a unique position to help us.In addition, by his example, we are inspired to be merciful and compassionate to one another.So I could be with you.” (Mc Carthy’s The Road Chapter 11) The son is another example of a compassionate soul, for he is someone who is willing to put in the work to help others, and thereby improve the world around him, while the rest of humanity is running astray.He is similar by example to that of Jesus Christ- constantly looking for the good in people and the world.In this respect, Kant’s conception of morality resembles what Bernard Williams calls “the moral system”, which defines the domain of morality primarily in terms of an unconditionally binding and inescapable form of obligation (Williams 1985: 193–94).Kant believes that our moral concerns are dominated by the question of what duties are imposed on us by a law that commands with a uniquely moral necessity.