While salt was at the centre of Gandhi’s campaign, drinking water was at the core of Ambedkar’s crusade.By leading a group of Dalits to drink water from Chavadar lake in Mahad, Ambedkar didn’t just assert the right of Dalits to take water from public water sources, he sowed the the seeds of Dalit emancipation.
To spark the development of India’s power sector, Ambedkar also established the Central Technical Power Board (CTPB) and Central Electricity Authority to explore the potential of and establish hydel and thermal power stations.
He also emphasized on the need for a grid system (which India still relies on) and well-trained electrical engineers in India.
He was also among the highest educated Indians of his generation.
During his three years at Columbia University, Ambedkar took twenty nine courses in economics, eleven in history, six in sociology, five in philosophy, four in anthropology, three in politics and one each in elementary French and German!
On splitting one-language states, he wrote in the book: “The number of pieces into which a state with people speaking one language should be divided into should depend upon (1) the requirements of efficient administration, (2) the needs of the different areas, (3) the sentiments of the different areas, and (4) the proportion between the majority and minority.” Ambedkar handing over the final draft of the constitution to President Rajendra Prasad on November 26, 1949 Photo Source The pioneer of multipurpose river valley projects in India, Ambedkar initiated the Damodar Valley project, the Bhakra Nangal Dam project, the Son River Valley project and Hirakud dam project.
He also established the Central Water Commission to facilitate the development of irrigation projects at both the Central and the state level.
he importance of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar in Indian polity cannot be overstated.
Economist, educationist and the chief architect of the Indian Constitution, Ambedkar fought all his life to remove discrimination, degradation and deprivation from the society.
It must be clear that this meeting has been called to set up the norm of equality.” Photo Source As the member for labour in the viceroy’s council from 1942 to 1946, Dr Ambedkar was instrumental in bringing about several labour reforms.
He changed the working hours from 12 hours to 8 hours in the 7th session of Indian Labour Conference in New Delhi in November 1942.