On 14 August 1947, the new Dominion of Pakistan came into existence and Muhammad Ali Jinnah was sworn in as its first governor general in Karachi.Tags: Biotech Business PlanDiploma In Creative Writing In EnglishBusiness Plan For Interview TemplateAssignment Of TrademarkBigfoot Research PaperEating Essay Gilbert Grape WhatsInfluence Essay Conclusion
He chose 14 August as the date of the ceremony of power transfer to Pakistan because he wanted to attend ceremonies both in India and Pakistan. 30) passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, divided British India into the two new independent dominions; India and Pakistan.
The act provided a mechanism for division of Bengal and Punjab provinces between the two nations, establishment of the office of the governor-general, conferral of complete legislative authority upon the respective Constituent Assemblies, and division of joint property between the two new countries.
Three years later, the name “Pakistan” as the name of a separate state was proposed in a declaration made by Choudhary Rahmat Ali.
Like Iqbal, Bengal was left out of the proposal made by Rahmat Ali.
Independence Day (Urdu: یوم آزادی; Yaum-e Āzādī), observed annually on 14 August, is a national holiday in Pakistan, commemorating the day when Pakistan achieved independence and was declared a sovereign nation, following the end of the British Raj in 1947.
Pakistan came into existence as a result of the Pakistan Movement; the Pakistan Movement aimed for creation of an independent Muslim state by division of the north-western region of the South Asia and was led by All-India Muslim League under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.INDEPENDENCE In 1946, the Labour government in Britain, getting exhausted by recent events such as World War II and numerous riots, realized that it had neither the mandate at home, the support internationally, nor the reliability of British Indian Army for continuing to control an increasingly restless India.Reliability of the native forces for continuing their control over an increasingly rebellious India diminished, thus the government decided to end British rule of India.In 1946, Indian National Congress, being a secular party, demanded a single state.The Muslim majorities, having disagreement with the idea of single state, gave stress to the idea of Pakistan, as a response to Congress’ demand for a single state.It marks the fulfillment of the destiny of the Muslim nation which made great sacrifices in the past few years to have its homeland.”It was on 15 August that the nation celebrated its birthday, however in subsequent years 14 August was marked as the independence day.The first commemorative postage stamps of the country, released in July 1948, also gave 15 August 1947 as the independence day.Eventually, in February 1947, Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that the British government would grant full self-governance to British India by June 1948 at the latest.On 3 June 1947, the British government announced that the principle of division of British India in two independent states was accepted.The main ceremony takes place in Islamabad, where the national flag is hoisted at the Presidential and Parliament buildings, which is followed by the national anthem, and live televised speeches by leaders.Usual celebratory events this day include flag-raising ceremonies, parades, cultural events, and the playing of patriotic songs.