It used a random survey accompanying roadside alcohol screening tests by the police.Every two years since 1995, the Spanish Observatory on Drugs (OED) (part of the Ministry of Health, Social Policy and Equality), has undertaken the ‘Household survey on alcohol and drugs in Spain’ (EDADES).The first stage of the research was to identify sources of information dealing with the issue of alcohol/drug use at the workplace and its relationship with working conditions.
The reports have not been edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.
The national reports were drawn up in response to a questionnaire and should be read in conjunction with it.
Examples of psychoactive substances include alcohol, opioids (heroine, etc.), cannabis, psycho-stimulants (cocaine, amphetamines, etc.), hypnosedatives and other hallucinogens.
Tobacco is excluded from this study as are medicinal drugs prescribed by a doctor, although some references are made to them when the workplace dimension is included in the sources of information.
This comparative analytical report (CAR), which covers the 27 EU Member States (EU27) plus Norway, aims to: The report focuses on alcohol and drugs as psychoactive substances according to the World Health Organization (WHO) definition of psychoactive substances as those ‘substances that, when taken in or administered into one’s system, affect mental processes, e.g.
cognition or affect’ and that include ‘the whole class of substances, licit and illicit, of interest to drug policy’.The significant presence of alcohol (especially) and drugs in society has a clear reflection at the workplace.Although this section is primarily concerned with information on alcohol and drug use at the workplace, we are aware that alcohol and drugs might not only be consumed at the workplace but also before and after work or during breaks, with important effects ‘at work’.Table 1 summarises the most important national statistical surveys that provide information on the prevalence of alcohol/drug use at the workplace in the EU27 Member States and Norway.As part of a systematic medical screening, the Securex Group examined the results obtained from 7,169 participants in the WHO’s Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (172Kb PDF) (AUDIT) in 2007.The European Commission has carried out several Special Eurobarometer surveys (for example, Special Eurobarometer 186 (1.18Mb PDF), Special Eurobarometer 272b (1.61Mb PDF) and Special Eurobarometer 331 (2.78Mb PDF) to collect information on the attitudes of EU citizens towards alcohol and their consumption patterns.The most recent (Special Eurobarometer 331) was published in 2010 and contains information collected in October 2009.The study consisted of a telephone interview with 4,289 respondents with a follow-up telephone interview with 640 respondents This survey was carried out by the Motor Transport Institute (ITS), the Institute of Forensic Research (IES) and the Polish National Police in 2010.The main goal of this national survey was to determine the scale of alcohol, medicine and drug use among drivers.Source: National contributions, EWCO 2011 A number of ad hoc studies and research activities have also dealt with the issue of alcohol/drug use at the workplace.The following two sections summarise the findings of these studies.