It appears to be the race of battleships, weapon systems, airplanes, nuclear weapon and spaceships.In the 20th century arms race between the USSR and the USA played one of the dominant roles in the fall of the USSR.Tags: Essays On Mind And MatterOf A Salesman American Dream Essay TopicsCritical Evaluation Research EssayBlock Style Research PaperParty Planning Business PlanEssays On Mary Poppins
The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 some 70 years after its grimly riveting and highly expectant Marxist-Leninist beginning ranks alongside World War I as the two most singularly pivotal events of the Twentieth Century.
In a sense, both are conjoined, with the War providing the decisive finishing blow to what remained of both the totteringly indecisive Romanov dynasty and centuries of turgid, slow-to-change Russian autocracy.
Arms race was one of the peculiarities of the Cold war for world domination.
Even though it led to many scientific discoveries in many technological and military fields, extensive participation of USSR in it led to non-efficient internal policies towards democratic republics.
And even though during the World War II United States had the greatest direct military expenses, its national wealth for the period had increased for more then 20%.
Arms race was destructive for USSR also for the reason that its economy was less effective then that of USA, which succeeded in more efficient use of new achievements of scientific and technological revolution.USA obtained strategic dominance over the world during the war with Japan blowing atomic bombs upon it, and this lead to the fact that American military forces began to plan preventive attack on the USSR.But this nuclear dominance was only for four years.Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was the main and actually the only source of union budget.And so, other republics were deflating financial, material, technical and labor resources from it for development of national outskirts, which were far behind in economic and social development.The nuclear potential of USSR and USA became so high that any military actions or starting the open war could lead to the destruction of the world.It is important to note that those potential needed to be stored somewhere, as well as it demanded substantial financial resources which would never be paid back.When one country invented or developed some type of weapon, other was using all financial and labor force to obtain the same or even better.Even though this race later on was “ex gratia” stopped by signing of a series of treaties, it greatly broke the economy of the USSR. The SALT I agreements also proved valuable for another reason. Scouring through the data, a stern but brilliant military officer named Marshal Nikolai Ogarkov was able to determine how the Americans were getting their satellite intelligence.During the negotiations, virtually all of the data on the Soviet strategic weapons used for the talks were provided by U. With the approval of the Soviet Council of Ministers, he worked feverishly with the secretive Scientific and Technical Committee of the General Staff to develop a comprehensive strategic deception program to hide from Washington the true size of the Soviet arsenal(Schweizer, 2002). Carter took several steps to signal his anger at the Soviet move. ban on exports of military–related technology to the Soviet Union.He postponed Senate ratification of the SALT II treaty and placed a partial embargo on grain sales to the Soviet Union. The defense budget was boosted by 5 percent and he announced the Carter Doctrine, declaring that the United States was prepared to resist any further Soviet encroachments in the Middle East — by force if necessary (Schweizer, 2002).