Tags: Internship Reflection EssayEssay High School Students 20109th Grade HomeworkHomework AssistanceWriting Good Dissertation Research QuestionsHamlet Critical Study EssayMargins For Research PapersWriting Titles In An Essay
If you ignore opposing viewpoints, your argument will in fact be weaker.Your review must be written in a formal, academic style.
You therefore need to use the critical notes and comments you made whilst doing your reading to express an academic opinion.
Make sure that: • you include a clear, short introduction which gives an outline of the review, including the main topics covered and the order of the arguments, with a brief rationale for this.
Have you been sufficiently critical of design and methodological issues?
Have you indicated when results were conflicting or inconclusive and discussed possible reasons?
And remember at all times to avoid plagiarising your sources.
Always separate your source opinions from your own hypothesis. Critical Evaluation of the Literature Have you organised your material according to issues?In your review, are you looking at issues of theory, methodology, policy, quantitive research, or what?Before you start reading it may be useful to compile a list of the main areas and questions involved, and then read with the purpose of finding out about or answering these.Your structure should be dictated instead by topic areas, controversial issues or by questions to which there are varying approaches and theories.Within each of these sections, you would then discuss what the different literature argues, remembering to link this to your own purpose. If you are grouping together writers with similar opinions, you would use words or phrases such as: similarly, in addition, also, again More importantly, if there is disagreement, you need to indicate clearly that you are aware of this by the use of linkers such as: however, on the other hand, conversely, nevertheless At the end of the review you should include a summary of what the literature implies, which again links to your hypothesis or main question. In many cases you will be given a booklist or directed towards areas of useful published work. With dissertations, and particularly theses, it will be more down to you to decide.What you will need to do is to group together and compare and contrast the varying opinions of different writers on certain topics.What you must not do is just describe what one writer says, and then go on to give a general overview of another writer, and then another, and so on.• there is always a clear link between your own arguments and the evidence uncovered in your reading.Include a short summary at the end of each section. • you always acknowledge opinions which do not agree with your thesis.According to Caulley (1992) of La Trobe University, the literature review should: • compare and contrast different authors’ views on an issue • group authors who draw similar conclusions • criticise aspects of methodology • note areas in which authors are in disagreement • highlight exemplary studies • highlight gaps in research • show how your study relates to previous studies • show how your study relates to the literature in general • conclude by summarising what the literature says • to evaluate promising research methods • to relate your findings to previous knowledge and suggest further research A good literature review, therefore, is critical of what has been written, identifies areas of controversy, raises questions and identifies areas which need further research.Structure of the literature review The overall structure of your review will depend largely on your own thesis or research area.