All variables had negative coefficients that were significant at the 5 percent level, except for the union variable which was, unexpectedly, negative and insignificant.... Statistics Canada Catalogue 75-001E (Winter 1989): 8-20. "The Political Economy of Minimum Wage Legislation." Economic Inquiry 20 (October 1982): 533-55. "Unemployment Insurance Meets the Classical Labor Supply Model." Economics Letters 14 (1984): 275-81.
"The Highs and Lows of the Wage Effect: A Time-Series Cross-Section Study of the Canadian Law." Journal of Labor Economics 17 (April 1999): 318-50.
The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic.
Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc.
In the last few years, prompted largely by the work of Card and Kruger (1995), numerous articles on the employment effects of minimum wage legislation have appeared.
This renewed interest in how minimum wages affect employment leads naturally to another question: What factors determine the minimum wage? the minimum wage is legislated at the federal rather than at the state level of government.
Kau and Rubin (1978) expanded Silberman and Durden's analysis to five separate cross sections covering five legislated increases in the federal minimum wage between 19.
They found that higher state wages and a measure of the congressperson's liberalism were always positively and significantly associated with votes for, while percentage of blacks in the state was negatively related, but not significant, in all the cross sections. "Toward a More General Theory of Regulation." Journal of Law and Economics 19 (August 1976): 211-40.
Unionization in the state's work force and political party of the legislator were never significant; the latter result probably occurred because northern and southern Democrats typically voted on opposite sides.
More recently, Seltzer (1995) explored support in both the House and Senate for the 1938 introduction of the federal minimum wage law.