Kennedy were concerned that he would provoke disorder, and Attorney General Robert F. Municipal bus’s were government-protected monopolies, making it illegal for entrepreneurs to operate competitive, integrated buses. King helped lead a bus boycott, the boycotters were hit with penalties provided by anti-boycott laws. He considered military conscription a form of slavery. King, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964, always insisted on nonviolence: “As you press on with justice, be sure to move with dignity and discipline using only the weapon of love…Always avoid violence.Kennedy approved FBI bugging of King’s home, office and hotel rooms across the country. Edgar Hoover warned that King was consorting with communists. Carpools were organized to help boycotters get to work, and they were prosecuted for violating laws which required that carpool vehicles be licensed as taxis and that riders be charged government-mandated minimum fares. If you succumb to the temptation of using violence in your struggle, unborn generations will be the recipients of a long and desolate night of bitterness, and your chief legacy to the future will be an endless reign of meaningless chaos…In your struggle for justice, let your oppressor know that you are not attempting to defeat or humiliate him…you are merely seeking justice for him as well as yourself.”Martin Luther King, Jr.“But a man-made code that is inharmonious with the moral law is an unjust law…Let us not forget, in the memories of six million who died, that everything Adolph Hitler did in Germany was ‘legal,’ and that everything the Freedom Fighters in Hungary did was ‘illegal.’”Dr.
There he embraced a religious version of individualism known as “personalism.” Biographer David J.
Garrow reported this meant “the human personality, i.e.
all individual persons, was the ultimate intrinsic value in the world.
Some of King’s own strong attraction to that philosophy was rooted in one of its major corollaries: if the dignity and worth of all human personalities was ultimate value in the world, racial segregation and discrimination were among the ultimate evils.”While he was Boston, he was introduced to Alabama-born Coretta Scott who had graduated from Ohio’s Antioch College and gone on to the New England Conservatory of Music.
Young Martin’s maternal grandmother “Mama” Williams lived with the family, helping to raise him and his two siblings.
At 12, he entered an oratorical contest sponsored by the black Elks.
When you get set to stage a nonviolent demonstration, the city simply secures an injunction to cease and desist.
Southern courts are well known for ‘sitting on’ this type of case; conceivably a two or three-year delay could be incurred…in Birmingham, we felt that we had to take a stand and disobey a court injunction against demonstrations, knowing the consequences and being prepared to meet them — or the unjust law would break our movement.”Dr.
FBI bugging failed to provide any evidence that King was involved with a communist conspiracy, but it did reveal his extensive womanizing. Many people were further scandalized by the revelation that phrases, sentences and some paragraphs in his book by Anders Nygren. was born in Atlanta on January 15, 1929, the second child of Martin Luther King, Sr.
who was pastor at the Ebenezer Baptist Church; and Alberta Williams, a preacher’s daughter.