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Negative impacts of tourism on the environment, which has recently been underestimated, are now becoming an object of close attention of the international community.Such effects are varied and numerous : pollution of natural objects; consumption of natural resources; development of land; degradation of natural landscapes , threats to wildlife and habitats , with consequent loss of biodiversity , finally, the breakdown of local customs and social structures.
In many developed countries, areas used for recreation and tourism, are on the third place after the area of agricultural and forest lands.
Rapid growth of the global tourism industry and its large economic benefits makes recreational use of land and promising ability to successfully compete and displace other uses.
Water and air quality, aesthetics of landscape and biological diversity are the natural components of the tourism, reproducible result in the functioning of the natural ecosystems.
There is hardly any kind of business, which is more interested in the preservation of all components of the environment than tourism is.
For example, Mykonos Island in Greece is a famous tourist resort, during the last 30 years, that has rapidly developed.
Together with the development of the tourism industry (accommodation, bars, etc.), the island's population has also increased, in contrast to other Greek islands, where the population has recently decreased.
Some of the famous East African game parks have turned into a pile of dust by the tourists.
Greece's national treasury, which used to be white marble Parthenon in Athens , is now a symbol of the neglect of the environment, suffered from the severe pollution.
For example, Adriatic coast of Italy was devastated due to the rapid growth of brown algae.
Because of the rising level of pollution due to excessive amount of tourists, the attractiveness of such a huge national park, as the Grand Canyon in the United States has significantly decreased.