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To minimise water loss through evaporation, a series of layered steps were built around the reservoirs to narrow and deepen the wells.Taanka is a traditional rainwater harvesting technique indigenous to the Thar desert region of Rajasthan.
Constructed in an area with naturally high elevation on three sides, a storage pit is made by excavating the area, and excavated soil is used to create a wall on the fourth side.
Sometimes, several johads are interconnected through deep channels, with a single outlet opening into a river or stream nearby.
Given that these methods are simple and eco-friendly for the most part, they are not just highly effective for the people who rely on them but they are also good for the environment.
History tells us that both floods and droughts were regular occurrence in ancient India.
In India, a warming climate is drying up lakes and rivers, while rapid urbanisation and water pollution are putting enormous pressure on the quantity and quality of surface and ground water.
The country’s fragile agricultural system still depends primarily on rainfall and a bad monsoon season can wreck havoc on the national economy.
The city of Jodhpur has eight jhalaras, the oldest being the Mahamandir Jhalara that dates back to 1660 AD.
Talabs are reservoirs that store water for household consumption and drinking purposes. Bawaris are unique stepwells that were once a part of the ancient networks of water storage in the cities of Rajasthan.
These stepwells collect the subterranean seepage of an upstream reservoir or a lake.
Jhalaras were built to ensure easy and regular supply of water for religious rites, royal ceremonies and community use.