Crusoe departs for Lisbon to reclaim the profits of his estate in Brazil, which has granted him much wealth.
In conclusion, he transports his wealth overland to England from Portugal to avoid travelling by sea.
Two years later, he escapes in a boat with a boy named Xury; a captain of a Portuguese ship off the west coast of Africa rescues him. Years later, Crusoe joins an expedition to bring slaves from Africa, but he is shipwrecked in a storm about forty miles out to sea on an island (which he calls the Island of Despair) near the mouth of the Orinoco river on 30 September 1659.
He observes the latitude as 9 degrees and 22 minutes north. As for his arrival there, only he and three animals, the captain's dog and two cats, survive the shipwreck.
By making marks in a wooden cross, he creates a calendar.
By using tools salvaged from the ship, and some which he makes himself, he hunts, grows barley and rice, dries grapes to make raisins, learns to make pottery and raises goats. He reads the Bible and becomes religious, thanking God for his fate in which nothing is missing but human society.
Before the end of 1719, the book had already run through four editions, and it has gone on to become one of the most widely published books in history, spawning so many imitations, not only in literature but also in film, television and radio, that its name is used to define a genre, the Robinsonade.
Crusoe (the family name corrupted from the German name "Kreutznaer") set sail from Kingston upon Hull on a sea voyage in August 1651, against the wishes of his parents, who wanted him to pursue a career in law.
Crusoe leaves the island 19 December 1686 and arrives in England on 11 June 1687.
He learns that his family believed him dead; as a result, he was left nothing in his father's will.