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Findings of the study further suggest that, the female and ethnic minority directors are valued members of the corporate boards equally as the men and other ethnic director counterparts.
The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the impact of corporate governance and distribution strategies on firm performance, following the regulatory changes since 1980s, the technological advances, and the customer preferences’ volatility in the UK insurance industry, in order to explore how insurance companies survive in such a changeable environment.
The aim of the first core chapter is to examine the impact of various corporate governance arrangements on the performance of UK life and non-life insurance firms, both listed and non-listed, during the period 2004-2013.
Consequently, this thesis aims to investigate the effects of CG structures and CE on firm performance among Chinese listed firms.
Specifically, its objectives are to examine the relationship between (1) CG and CE; (2) CG and firm performance; (3) CE and firm performance; and (4) whether CG and CE interact to influence firm performance in the Chinese listed firms.
Several hypotheses were developed, and these are tested using panel regression models, in particular, the two-step system GMM.
The panel analyses employ a data sample of 5,118 firm-year observations for Chinese listed firms covering the period 2007 – 2015.The study examines the board’s independence, gender and ethnic minority diversity and firm’s ownership structure in relation to performance.Its overall aim is to investigate the causal relationship between the internal governance mechanisms and firm’s financial performance, and based on empirical findings make recommendations for improvement.Fourth, when firm performance is measured by ROA, it is positively related to board size and managerial ownership, but negatively related to the proportion of independent directors.Fifth, Tobin’s Q is positively related to R&D intensity, but negatively related to patent applications.Third, granted patents exhibit a negative association with state ownership and board size, and positive association with managerial ownership.Fourth, firm performance as measured by Tobin’s Q is positively related to one person acting as both CEO and chairman measured by CEO duality, but negatively related to board size and supervisory board size.CG is operationalised using board and ownership structures; CE is measured using R&D intensity, patent applications and granted patents; and performance is measured using Tobin’s Q and return on assets (ROA). First, R&D intensity is negatively related to managerial ownership, but positively related to board size and CEO duality.Second, patent applications have a negative relationship with state ownership, but positively related to foreign and managerial ownership, and supervisory board size.2009), and even more afterwards, as well as during the soft phases of the underwriting insurance cycle, rather than the hard phases. Moreover, this study investigates the mediating role of agency costs on the relationship between corporate governance and the performance of UK insurance companies.The objective of the second core chapter is to assess whether the newly built UK Corporate Governance Index (UKCGI), which has been developed by the researcher, indicates any association between governance structure and firm performance in the UK life and non-life insurance companies, both listed and non? The main findings indicate a significant association between the new corporate governance index (UKCGI) and firm performance, and that the governance?