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A second thing which undermines the Animalist maxim that "All animals are equal" is the fact that even before the revolution there is evidence of a basic hierarchical society.The pigs straight away take their places "immediately in front of the platform" (Ch.His political views were shaped by his experiences of Socialism, Totalitarianism and Imperialism all over the world.
Orwell himself believed that revolution was not the answer - he believed that revolution was not a way of changing society : it was in fact merely a way of keeping it the same.
Revolutions often have good intentions and provide new faces with a new rhetoric but soon it is hard to tell the new faces from the old.
Farmer Jones represents Czar Nicolas II who was the leader of Russia before the Revolution.
Right at the start of the book Orwell shows Jones as being a drunk, neglectful Farmer who cares very little about his animals.
The philosophy of 'Animalism' in 'Animal Farm' quite clearly is designed to represent Marxist-Communism.
The parallels between the commandment "Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy" and Marxism's hatred of Capitalism is obvious.I) when the animals meet to hear Old Major's speech, thus signalling the fact that they are seen as more important than other animals.It is the pigs who take it upon themselves to direct the revolution, and it is they who assume leadership after Jones had been driven out.Animalism quickly becomes a means of breeding such a great fear of man into the animals so that they would become even more determined to work hard.Orwell is attacking Stalin for betraying the revolution to suit his own ends.What started off as a philosophical set of ideas by Karl Marx was transformed into a means of propaganda by Stalin.In 'Animal Farm' the theory of Animalism is drawn up into seven commandments exclusively by Snowball, Squealer and Napoleon.The major theme of 'Animal Farm' is the betrayal of the Russian Revolution and the way that good will can fall prey to ambition, selfishness and hypocrisy. Gradually as the pigs gain more and more power they find it harder to resist temptation. Orwell's message is that any society which has leaders with absolute power is ultimately doomed to failure due to the inevitability of leaders manipulating power for their own personal benefit.Orwell mocks the pretence that any such society could be regarded as being fair or equal - hence addition of the suffix "but some animals are more equal than others" to the original commandment "All animals are equal".Orwell wrote about his experiences of the Spanish Civil War in 'Homage to Catalonia'.During the war Orwell began to realise the true nature of Stalin's rule in Russia.