In other words, say why you chose the ones you did and don’t say why you didn’t choose the others that were at your disposal.
You may consider whether or not someone else could easily replicate your study based on what you have included in this section and in the appendices.
When writing or planning this section, it’s good practice to refer back to your research questions, aims and objectives, and ask yourself whether what you are planning to do is the best way to answer the questions and achieve the objectives.
It’s best to do this at an early stage, rather than look at the data you collected and find it doesn’t throw any light on the topics you wanted to ask about.
You will have to explain how the data was collected (by what means) and then explain the analysis tools you used.
For example, if you were sampling texts, or have a lot of qualitative data are you using semiotics analysis, discourse analysis and so on.
Each is suitable for a different sort of study, and each involves different assumptions about the world (ontology), how we know that world (epistemology) and the nature of knowledge.
You may also be interested in: Research Onion, Source: Saunders et al (2012) Here you will need to explain the context of your research, its limitations and specifically answer the “w-” questions, which include How, Why, What Where and When?
In this section you will outline how you collected your data; and you will have to explain your choice for using the methods you did, such as online surveys, phone surveys, face-to-face-interviews and so on. Explain the choice of age group and ethnicity of your respondents.
What questions did you ask and how have these contributed towards answering your research question or how did these test your hypothesis which formed the basis of your research?