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The United States became the leader of the free-market capitalist world.America and its allies struggled to keep the communist, totalitarian Soviet Union from expanding into Europe, Asia, and Africa.During the time of Mc Carthyism, two schools of revisionists, hard and soft, both felt this way, though with different specifics to their cases.
Those in the softer camp felt that the Cold War was the responsibility of Harry Truman and his administration for abandoning the cooperative framework established by Roosevelt and for using the atomic bomb as a scare tactic in negotiations with the Soviet Union.
Upon close inspection, it is evident that these revisionist claims are based not on evidence of action or intent but on beliefs of motivation, both on the side of the United States and Russia.
When the Soviet Union entered the war between the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the United States no longer needed their aid, but Stalin was there to collect on Western promises.
All these factors contributed to a climate of mistrust that heightened tensions at the outbreak of the Cold War.
In the eastern Soviet occupation zone, a puppet communist regime was elected.
There was no promise of repatriation with the west.At the , the USSR pledged to enter the war against Japan no later than three months after the conclusion of the European war.In return, the United States awarded the Soviets territorial concessions from Japan and special rights in Chinese Manchuria.These new thinkers felt that Stalin was little more than a traditional Soviet leader attempting to protect Soviet interests. Historical studies have found little or no evidence in support of these claims.It is unarguable that western society has been opposed to Communism since at least 1917, but the assertion that the Cold War was little more than a ploy to gain access to eastern markets is unfounded, as there is no proof to support such claims and the markets of the poor east would hold little, if any, impact on the western economy.As early as 1948, blame was being placed for the yet to be concluded Cold War era.In that day, the predominant view was that the fault lay not on the West, despite the unclearness of intentions and the icy tone of the Truman administration’s relations with the USSR, but on the ever-secretive Russia.with the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union each administering one. Once the Nazi leaders were arrested and war crimes trials began, a date would be agreed upon for the election of a new German government and the withdrawal of Allied troops.This process was executed in the zones held by the western Allies.Theaters as remote as Korea and Vietnam, Cuba and Grenada, Afghanistan and Angola, became battlegrounds between the two ideologies. The United States would not retreat into its former isolationist stance as long as there was a Cold War to wage. Western democracies had always been hostile to the idea of a communist state.The United States had refused recognition to the USSR for 16 years after the Bolshevik takeover.